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RESEARCH PAPERS: Offshore Mechanics

Oscillating Flow About Smooth and Rough Cylinders

[+] Author and Article Information
Turgut Sarpkaya

Mechanical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, Calif. 93943-5000

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 109(4), 307-313 (Nov 01, 1987) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.3257025 History: Received November 02, 1986; Online October 30, 2009

Abstract

The lift, drag, and inertia coefficients and the first ten harmonics of the lift force have been determined through the use of four smooth, four sand-roughened, and one marine-roughened cylinders. The length-to-diameter ratio of the smooth and sand-roughened cylinders was kept constant (L/D = 2) in order to determine the effect of coherence length on the force coefficients. The Keulegan-Carpenter number ranged from about 1 to 60 and the Reynolds number from about 2500 to 800,000. The results have shown that (i ) the smooth cylinder data agree quite well with those presented by Sarpkaya [1, 2] and Rodenbusch and Gutierrez [3]; (ii ) the drag and inertia coefficients for rough cylinders (k/D = 1/50) become independent of β (= D2 /vT ) or of the Reynolds number (Re = Um D/ v) for β larger than about 4000; (iii ) the rough-cylinder data agree quite well within those reported by Sarpkaya [2] and show that the effect of roughness is indeed very profound; and (iv ) the rough-cylinder drag-coefficient data of Rodenbusch and Gutierrez [3] are somewhat larger than those obtained in the present investigation.

Copyright © 1987 by ASME
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