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RESEARCH PAPERS: Arctic Engineering

The Influence of Shape on Iceberg Wave-Induced Velocity Statistics

[+] Author and Article Information
J. H. Lever

US Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory, Hanover, NH 03755

D. Sen

Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, Newfoundland

D. Attwood

Det Norske Veritas (Canada) Ltd., Calgary, Alberta

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 112(3), 263-269 (Aug 01, 1990) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2919865 History: Received July 14, 1989; Revised August 31, 1989

Abstract

The motion response of small icebergs in waves has been the subject of recent investigation to provide information for the design of offshore structures resistant to glacial ice impact. Since sea state and iceberg size are random variables, probabilistic formulations have been developed for use in risk analysis-based design procedures. The present work discusses the influence of iceberg shape on its motion response in waves. Wave tank tests were conducted which show that model shape has a significant effect on wave-induced ice motion. For all models tested, however, response spectra in an irregular sea could be accurately estimated using the linear superposition of measured responses in regular waves and the measured wave energy spectra. This was true in spite of obvious nonlinear behavior exhibited in high model seas. The observed differences in wave-induced motion for differently shaped models with similar masses and characteristic lengths suggest that iceberg shape should also be treated as a random variable in probabilistic formulations. In this way, wave-induced ice motion may be represented as a function of sea state, iceberg mass or characteristic length, and iceberg shape, all random variables. An earlier risk analysis formulation is extended to incorporate the influence of randomly varying iceberg shape on ice/structure impact velocity statistics.

Copyright © 1990 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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