RESEARCH PAPERS: Offshore Mechanics

On Modeling the Energetics of the Ridging Process

[+] Author and Article Information
M. A. Hopkins, W. D. Hibler

Thayer School of Engineering, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH 03755

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 113(2), 105-108 (May 01, 1991) (4 pages) doi:10.1115/1.2919905 History: Received June 24, 1989; Revised August 07, 1990; Online June 12, 2008


A two-dimensional particle simulation model of the sea-ice ridging process is developed. In this model, ridges are formed from a floating layer of disk-shaped rubble compressed between converging multi-year floes. The energy consumed in ridge growth, including dissipation, is explicitly calculated. The results of numerical experiments using this model indicate that the amount of energy required to ridge ice may be two to three times larger than previously thought.

Copyright © 1991 by The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
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