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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Assessment and Repair of Offshore Platform Applications to Bay of Campeche Facilities

[+] Author and Article Information
Yildirim O. Bayazitoglu

Brown & Root Energy Services, 10200 Bellaire Boulevard, P.O. Box 4574, Houston, TX 77210-4574

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 122(2), 81-92 (Nov 18, 1999) (12 pages) doi:10.1115/1.533737 History: Received July 25, 1999; Revised November 18, 1999
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

American Petroleum Institute, 1996, “Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing, and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms-WSD,” Supplement 1, API RP2A-WSD, 20th Edition.
Pemex Exploración y Producción—Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, 1997, “Criterio Transitorio para la Evaluación y el Diseño de Plataformas Marinas Fijas en la Sonda de Campeche,” Primera Edición.
Shuttleworth, F. P., and Billington, B. J., 1989, “A New Approach to Designing Repair Clamps for Offshore Structure,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 6076, Houston, TX, May.
Tubby, P. J., and Wylde, J. G., 1990, “Remedial Grinding: A Viable Repair Technique for Fatigue Cracks in Tubular Joints,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 6457, Houston, TX, May.
Williams, D. E., and Callan, M. D., 1988, “Repair of a Cracked and Dented X-Node on an Offshore Platform,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 5709, Houston, TX, May.
Masubuchi, K., et al., 1983, “Technologies and Practices of Underwater Welding,” International Conference on Underwater Welding, Trondheim, Norway, June, pp. 48–69.
Christensen, N., 1983, “The Metallurgy of Underwater Welding,” International Conference On Underwater Welding, Trondheim, Norway, June, pp. 71–93.
Tystad, M., et al., 1983, “Requirements to Underwater Welding and Weld Inspection—Qualification of Procedures and Personnel,” International Conference on Underwater Welding, Trondheim, Norway, June, pp. 207–211.
Petershagen, H. F., and Hofmeister, H., 1993, “Fatigue Properties of Hyperbaric Dry Repair Welds,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 7279, Houston, TX, May.
American Welding Society, “Structural Welding Code,” AWS D1.1-96, pp. 14–17.
Ibarra, S., et al., 1991, “The Structural Repair of a North Sea Platform Using Underwater Wet Welding Techniques,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 6652, Houston, TX, May.
American Welding Society, “Specification for Underwater Welding,” AWS D3.6-93.
Matlock, D. K., et al., 1983, “An Evaluation of the Fatigue Behavior in Surface, Habitat, and Underwater Wet Welds,” International Conference on Underwater Welding, Trondheim, Norway, June, pp. 303–310.
Watson, P. D., et al., 1994, “Fitness for Service Design Application for Underwater Wet Welds,” Proceedings, International Workshop on Underwater Welding of Marine Structures, American Bureau of Shipping, Stephen Liu, David L. Olson, Charles Smith, John S. Spencer, eds., New Orleans, LA.
UK Department of Energy, 1988, “Grouted and Mechanical Strengthening and Repair of Tubular Steel Offshore Structures,” Report No. OTH-88/283, HMSO.
Brown, G. M., et al., 1989, “Improving Structural Integrity by Injection of Grout Into Fatigue-Critical Nodes in Offshore Structures,” Proceedings of the Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 5984, Houston, TX, May.
Tebbett, I. E., 1987, “The Last Five Years’ Experience in Steel Platform Repairs,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 5385, Houston, TX, Apr.
Ricles, J. M., Gillum, T. E., and Lamport, W. B., 1993, “Grout Repair of Dent-Damaged Steel Tubular Bracing,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 715 1, Houston, TX, May.
Elnashai, S., et al., 1985, “A Prestressed, High-Strength Grouted Connection for Offshore Construction,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 4892, Houston, TX, May.
Lamport, W. B., 1988, “Ultimate Strength of Grouted Pile-To-Sleeve Connections,” Ph.D. thesis, The University of Texas at Austin, May.
Elnashai, A. S., et al., 1986, “Full-Scale Testing and Analysis of Prestressed Grouted Pile/Platform Connections,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 5325, Houston, TX, May.
American Petroleum Institute, 1993, “Recommended Practice for Planning, Designing, and Constructing Fixed Offshore Platforms-WSD.” API RP2A-WSD, 20th Edition.
Tebbett, I. E., and Forsyth, P., 1987, “New Test Data on the Capacity of Cement-Filled Steel Tubulars,” Proceedings, Offshore Technology Conference, OTC Paper 5484, Houston, TX, May.
Moore, R. E., Kwok, P. H., and Wang, S. S., 1995, “Repairing Damaged Platforms,” ASNIE, PD-Vol. 68, Offshore and Arctic Operations.
Pemex Exploración y Producción—Instiuto Mexicano del Petróleo, 1997: “Criterio Transitorio para la Evaluación y el Diseño de Plataformas Marinas Fijas en la Sonda de Campeche,” Suplemento 4, Criterio para la Generación de Cargas de Oleaje en Cubiertas. Primera Edición Preliminar, May.
Pemex Exploración y Producción—Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo, 1997: “Criterio Transitorio para la Evaluación y el Diseño de Plataformas Marinas Fijas en la Sonda de Campeche,” Suplemento 1, Criterio Sismico, Primera Edición, July.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Design level analysis results for Platforms Nos. 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10
Grahic Jump Location
Design level analysis results for Platforms Nos. 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, and 23
Grahic Jump Location
Reattachment of the retrofitted anode assembly with clamps
Grahic Jump Location
Attachment of a grouted clamp at a cracked joint
Grahic Jump Location
Removal of a damaged member
Grahic Jump Location
Cutting and wet welding of a pup section over a crack
Grahic Jump Location
Platform KU-M damage detail
Grahic Jump Location
Platform KU-M damages and repair solutions (El (−)6.70 m)
Grahic Jump Location
Horizontal reinforcement
Grahic Jump Location
Welding of a pup section over dented member
Grahic Jump Location
Reinforcement of girders

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