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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Theoretical and Statistical Analysis of Ship Grounding Accidents

[+] Author and Article Information
Bo Cerup Simonsen, Peter Friis Hansen

Department of Naval Architecture and Offshore Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, DK-2800 Lyngby, Denmark

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 122(3), 200-207 (Mar 03, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1286075 History: Received December 17, 1999; Revised March 03, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
Topics: Accidents , Ships
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References

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ASIS, 1995, “Large Scale Grounding Tests and Numerical Simulation,” Technical Report, The Association for Structural Improvement of Shipbuilding Industry, IMO Information Paper.
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Figures

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Four main categories of scenarios that may lead to grounding damage. The scenarios are divided into soft and hard grounding and the event being either powered or drifting.
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The principle of scaling damage statistics for powered grounding damage on hard rock
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Typical setup for cutting experiments
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Probability density function for position of the front of the damage along the length of the ship. Unity is at the forward perpendicular (130 casualties).
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Location of center of damage. Unity is at the forward perpendicular (130 casualties).
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Location of front of damage. Unity is at the forward perpendicular (130 casualties).
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Relation between impact kinetic energy and amount of damage (46 casualties)
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Pdf for impact velocity for “small” (41 cases) and “large” (48 cases) ships
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CDF for impact velocity made non dimensional by service ship speed for “small” (41 cases) and “large” (48 cases) ships
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CDF for damage width divided by ship breadth for “small” (47 cases) and “large” ships (45 cases)
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CDF for vertical penetration divided by ship draft for “small” (33 cases) and “large” ships (23 cases)
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Relative damage length as function of ship length for 130 casualties
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CDF for damage length made non dimensional by ship length for “small” (65 cases) and “large” ships (65 cases)
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Ratio of relative damage lengths as a function of the percentile level (“large” over “small” ships)

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