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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Reliability of Welded Structures Containing Cracks in Heat-Affected Zones

[+] Author and Article Information
David B. Lanning

Aerospace Engineering, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Prescott, AZ 86301-3720e-mail: lannind@pr.erau.edu

M.-H. Herman Shen

Department of Aerospace Engineering, Applied Mechanics and Aviation, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210-1276 e-mail: shen.l@osu.edu

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 122(4), 225-232 (Mar 03, 2000) (8 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1289288 History: Received June 25, 1999; Revised March 03, 2000
Copyright © 2000 by ASME
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References

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Fairchild, D. P., 1990, “Fracture Toughness Testing of Weld Heat-Affected Zones in Structural Steel,” Fatigue and Fracture Testing of Weldments, ASTM STP, 1058, ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., pp. 117–141.
Denys, R. M., 1990, “Wide-Plate Testing of Weldments: Part III—Heat Affected Zone Wide-Plate Studies,” Fatigue and Fracture Testing of Weldments, ASTM STP 1058, ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., pp. 204–228.
Slatcher,  S., and Evandt,  O., 1986, “Practical Application of the Weakest-Link Model to Fracture Toughness Problems,” Eng. Fract. Mech., 24, No. 4, pp. 495–508.
Pisarski, H. G., and Slatcher, S., 1993, “Assessment of the Significance of LBZs in Steels Using a Probabilistic Model,” ASME OMAE—Vol. II, Safety and Reliability, pp. 89–97.
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Newman, J. C., Jr., and Raju, I. S., 1979, “Analyses of Surface Cracks in Finite Plates Under Tension or Bending Loads,” NASA-TP-1578, NASA Langley Research Center, VA.
Willoughby, A. A., and Davey, T. G., 1989, “Plastic Collapse in Part-Wall Flaws in Plates,” Fracture Mechanics: Perspectives and Directions (Twentieth Symposium), ASTM STP 1020, ASTM Spec. Tech. Publ., pp. 390–409.
Millwater, H., Wu, Y. T., Torng, T., Thacker, B., Riha, D., and Leung, C. P., 1993, “Recent Development of the NESSUS Probabilistic Structural Analysis Computer Program,” Proc. AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ACS 34th Structures, Structural Dynamics and Materials Conference, AIAA, Washington, DC, pp. 614–624.
Hasofer,  A. M., and Lind,  N. C., 1971, “Exact and Invariant Second-Moment Code Format,” J. Eng. Mech., 100, pp. 111–121.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Straight crack front of length p divided into n segments of equal length q
Grahic Jump Location
Semi-elliptical crack intersecting bands of dissimilar material properties
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of effective crack length with LBZ region height
Grahic Jump Location
Cumulative distribution functions for a semi-elliptical crack in a welded plate, with different sizes of LBZ
Grahic Jump Location
Cumulative distribution function with failure assessment diagram failure criterion
Grahic Jump Location
Cumulative distribution function for a semi-elliptical crack in a welded plate

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