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TECHNICAL PAPERS

A Response-Based Method for Developing Joint Metocean Criteria for On-Bottom Pipeline Stability

[+] Author and Article Information
Kevin C. Ewans

Shell Global Solutions International B.V., P.O. Box 60, 2280 AB Rijswijk, The Netherlandse-mail: k.ewans@siep.shell.com

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 125(2), 119-125 (Apr 16, 2003) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1555114 History: Received July 01, 2001; Revised April 01, 2002; Online April 16, 2003
Copyright © 2003 by ASME
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References

American Gas Association, 1993, “Submarine Pipeline On-Bottom Stability,” AGA Project Report PR-178-9333, September.
Allen, D.W., Hale, J.R., Jacobsen, V., and Lammert, W.F., 1989, “Submarine Pipeline On-Bottom Stability: Recent AGA Research,” OTC 6055, Proceedings of Offshore Technology Conference.
Det Norske Veritas, 2000, Submarine Pipeline Systems, Offshore Standard OS-F101, January 2000, RP E305.
Forristall, G.Z., Larrabee, R.D., and Mercier, R.S., 1991, “Combined Oceanographic Criteria for Deepwater Structures in the Gulf of Mexico,” OTC paper 6541, pp. 377–390. May.
Tromans, P.S., and Vanderschuren, L., 1995, “Response Based Design Conditions in the North Sea: Application of a New Method,” OTC paper 7683, pp. 387–397. May.
Borgman, L., and Hudspeth, R., 1984, “The Effect of Random Seas on Pipeline Stability—Volumes I & II,” Pipeline Research Publication, American Gas Association, Arlington, VA.
Dean,  R.G., and Perlin,  M., 1986, “Intercomparison of Near-Bottom Kinematics by Several Wave Theories and Field and Laboratory Data,” Coastal Eng., 9, pp. 399–437.
Brennodden, H., Lieng, J.T., and Sotberg, T. 1989, “An Energy-Based Pipe-Soil Interacton Model,” OTC 6057, Proceedings of Offshore Technology Conference.
Lammerts, W.F., Hale, J.R., and Jacobsen, V., 1989, “Dynamic Response of Submarine Pipelines Expose to Combined Wave and Current Action,” OTC paper 6058, pp. 159–170, May.
Hale, J.R., Lammert, W.F., and Allen, D.W., 1991, “Pipeline On-Bottom Stability Calculations: Comparison of Two State-of-the-Art Methods and Pipe-Soil Model Verification,” OTC paper 6761, pp. 567–582. May.
Peters, D.J., Shaw, C.J., Grant, C.K., Heideman, J.C., and Szabo, D., 1993, “Modelling the North Sea through the Northern European Storm Study,” OTC paper 7130, 25th OTC, Houston.
Cardone, V J., Cooper, C.K., and Szabo, D., 1995, “A Hindcast Study of the Extreme Wave Climate of Offshore West Africa,” Paper no. OTC 007687, Proceedings of Offshore Technology Conference.
Bea, R., Lara, L., Heredia, E., Valle, O., and Valdes, V., 1999, “Reliability Criteria for Design and Requalification of Pipelines and Risers in the Bay of Campeche, Mexico,” 19thInternational Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, St Johns, July 11–16.

Figures

Grahic Jump Location
Weight sensitivity about the base case metocean conditions —Us=0.812 m/s,T2u=8.44 s,θ=65.2°,ϕ=0.933,Uc=0.767 m/s
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Predicted weight response (Eq. (3)) versus simulated response for the 350 parameter set
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Estimates of the North Sea 100-year return period speed of the normal components of Us and Uc, following the traditional (“trad”) and response-based (“resp”) approaches
Grahic Jump Location
Return periods of the wave-induced or steady currents associated with the 100-year return-period value of respectively the steady or wave-induced (“dominant”) parameter, for the North Sea location
Grahic Jump Location
Estimates of the West Africa 100-year return period speed of the normal components of Us and Uc, following the traditional (“trad”) and response-based (“resp”) approaches
Grahic Jump Location
Return periods of the wave-induced or steady currents associated with the 100-year return-period value of respectively the steady or wave-induced (“dominant”) parameter, for the West African location
Grahic Jump Location
Normalized weight response as a function of return-period, for the North Sea location
Grahic Jump Location
Normalized weight response as a function of return-period, for the North Sea location

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