Hydraulic Lifting of Manganese Nodules Through a Riser

[+] Author and Article Information
J. X. Xia, J. R. Ni

The Key Laboratory of Water and Sediment Sciences, Ministry of Education, Department of Environmental Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.

C. Mendoza

Department of Civil Engineering, University of Missouri–Rolla, Rolla, MO 65409, USA

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 126(1), 72-77 (Mar 02, 2004) (6 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1641385 History: Received March 01, 2002; Revised February 01, 2003; Online March 02, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Sommerfeld,  M., 1992, “Modeling of particle-wall collisions in confined gas-particle flows,” Int. J. Multiphase Flow, 18, pp. 905–926.
Asakura,  K., Asari,  T., and Nakajima,  I., 1994, “Simulation of upward solid-liquid flows in a vertical pipe,” Shigen-to-Sozai, 110, pp. 973–979.
Newitt,  D. M., Richardson,  J. F., and Gliadon,  B. J., 1961, “Hydraulic conveying of solids in vertical pipes,” Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 39, pp. 93–100.
Saffman,  P. G., 1965, “The lift on a small sphere in a shear flow,” J. Fluid Mech., 22, pp. 385–400.
Engelmann H. E., 1978, “Vertical hydraulic lifting of large-size particle-a contribution to marine mining,” Proc. of Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, pp. 731–740.
Ferreira,  M. C., Freire,  J. T., and Massarani,  G., 2000, “Homogeneous hydraulic and pneumatic conveying of solid particles,” Powder Technol., 108, pp. 46–54.
Durand R., 1953, “Basic relationships of the transportation of solids in pipes-experimental research,” Proc. Minnesota Intern. Hydraulic Convention, Minnesota, pp. 89–103.
Govier, G. W. and Aziz, K., 1972, “The flow of complex mixtures in pipes,” Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York.
Wasp E. J., 1980, Transportation of solid particle with pipes. Hydraulic Industry Publishing Company, Beijing (Chinese translation).
Shen,  Y. H., Mao,  J. L., and Ling,  S., 1999, “Minimum lifting water velocity of solid-liquid two-phase flow in vertical pipe,” J. Chin. Univ. Sci. Technol., 21, pp. 519–522 (in Chinese).
Sellgren,  A., 1982, “The choice of operating velocity in vertical solid-water pipeline systems,” Hydrotransport, 8, pp. 211–220.
Saito,  T., and Usami,  T., 1989, “Lifting characteristic of manganese nodules by air-lift-pump on 200m vertical test plant,” Ocean, 1, pp. 48–53.
Lu,  Z. M., and Yang,  X. Z., 1999, “Relative velocity of large particles suspension in a vertical turbulent liquid flow,” Acta Mechanica Sinica, 31, pp. 29–37 (in Chinese).
Cloete,  F. L. D., Miuer,  A. I., and Streat,  M., 1967, “Dense phase flow of solids-water mixtures through vertical pipes,” Trans. Inst. Chem. Eng., 45, pp. 392–400.
Wang G. Q. and Fei X. J., 1989, “The kinetic model for granular flow,” Proc. of Fourth International Symposium on River Sedimentation, China, pp. 1459–1466.
Jeans J. H., 1954, “The dynamical theory of gases,” Dover/Cambridge Univ. Press, New York.
Repetti,  R. V., and Leonard,  E. F., 1964, “Segre-Silberberg annulus formation: A possible explanation,” Nature (London), 203, pp. 1346–1348.


Grahic Jump Location
Sketch of the hydraulic system for deep-sea mining
Grahic Jump Location
Sketch of the experimental apparatus
Grahic Jump Location
View of particles being fluidized
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of solid concentration with velocity for fluidized nodules
Grahic Jump Location
Variation of hydraulic gradient with flow velocity
Grahic Jump Location
Comparison of computed and experimental total hydraulic gradients




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In