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TECHNICAL PAPERS

Effect of Material Stress-Strain Behavior and Pipe Geometry on the Deformability of High-Grade Pipelines

[+] Author and Article Information
Hiroshi Yatabe

Pipeline Technology Center, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., 1-7-7, Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japane-mail: yatabe-h@tokyo-gas.co.jp

Naoki Fukuda

Pipeline Technology Center, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., 1-7-7, Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japane-mail: fnaoki@tokyo-gas.co.jp

Tomoki Masuda

Pipeline Technology Center, Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., 1-7-7, Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japane-mail: tmasuda@tokyo-gas.co.jp

Masao Toyoda

Osaka University, 2-1, Yamada-oka, Suita, 565-0871, Japane-mail: toyoda@mapse.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 126(1), 113-119 (Mar 02, 2004) (7 pages) doi:10.1115/1.1643083 History: Received April 01, 2002; Revised February 01, 2003; Online March 02, 2004
Copyright © 2004 by ASME
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References

Kato,  T., Akiyama,  H., and Suzuki,  H., 1973, J. Struct. Eng., 204, pp. 9–17 (in Japanese).
Sherman, D.R., 1976, “Tests of Circular Steel Tubes in Bending,” Journal of Arctic Engineering Symposium, ASCE.
Suzuki,  N., and Masuda,  N., 1989, “Inelastic Local Buckling of a Steel Pipe Induced by Axial Deformation,” ASME J. Pressure Vessel Technol., 162, pp. 25–30.
Zimmerman, T.J.E., Stephens, M.J., DeGeer, D.D., and Chen, Q., 1995, “Compressive Strain Limits for Buried Pipelines,” Proc. OMAE, 5 , pp. 365–378.
Mørk, K.J., and Spiten, J., 1997, “The Superb Project and DNV ’96: Buckling and Collapse Limit State,” Proc. OMAE, 5 , pp. 79–87.
Japan Gas Association, 2000, “Recommended Practice for Earthquake-Resistant Design of High Pressure Gas Pipeline,” (in Japanese).
Price, J.C., 1995, “Applying the Latest Technology to Optimize Production and Cost in the Construction of Pipelines Using X80 and X100 Steels,” Pipeline Technology, edited by Denys, R., Elsevier Science, Vol. 2 , pp. 287–296.
Kostic, M.M., Collins, L.E., Kapoor, A., and O’Hara, R.D., 1998, “Development of Heavy Gauge X80 Line Pipe,” International Pipeline Conference, ASME, 2 , pp. 665–672.
Hillenbrand, H.G., Liessem, A., Knauf, G., Niederhoff, K., and Bauer, J., 2000, “Development of Large-Diameter Pipe in Grade X100,” Pipeline Technology, edited by Denys, R., Elsevier Science, Vol. 1 , pp. 469–482.
Kamba,  T., 1998, “Stub Column Test of High-Strength CHS Steel Column With Small Diameter-to-Thickness Ratio,” J. Struct. Eng. 507, pp. 123–129, (in Japanese).
Ohata,  M., Tanaka,  N., Ohmasa,  M., and Toyoda,  M., 1999, “Control of Mechanical Properties for the Improvement of Deformability of Structural Components,” J. Constr. Steel 7, pp. 379–386, (in Japanese).
Suzuki, N., Endo, S., Yoshikawa, M. and Toyoda, M., 2001, “Effects of a Strain Hardening Exponent on Inelastic Local Buckling Strength and Mechanical Properties of Line Pipes,” Proc. OMAE, MAT-3104.
Minami, F., Morikawa, J., Ohshima, M., Toyoda, M., Konda, N., Arimochi, K., Ishikawa, N., Kubo, T. and Shimanuki, H., 1997, “Strength and Fracture Properties of Structural Steels under Dynamic Loading,” Proc. OMAE, 3 , pp. 283–292.
Yoshizaki, K. and Oguchi, N., 1998, “Effect of Strain Rate on Stress-strain Properties of Gas Pipeline Steel,” Proc. 10th Japan Earthquake Engineering Symposium, pp. 3171–3174, (in Japanese).
Hibbit, Karlsson and Sorensen, Inc. 1999, “ABAQUS Standard User’s Manual, version 5.8.”

Figures

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Configuration of test setup
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Strain gauge arrangement
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Applied load F vs nominal compressive strain εnom
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Configurations of pipe specimen (Case 1, D/t=43.2)
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Maximum local strain IεmaxI vs nominal compressive strain εnom
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Boundary condition and FE mesh for analysis. (1) Boundary condition. (2) Overview of FE mesh. (3) Detail of A in (2)
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Comparison of analytical and experimental results. (Cases 1 and 2)
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Wrinkled shape calculated by the FE-analysis. (Case 1, εnom=3%)
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The material stress-strain curves for the FE-analyses. (Models 1 and 6-8)
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Effect of Y/T on the deformability of the line pipe. (YS=const.)
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Effect of Y/T on the deformability of the line pipe. (TS=const.)
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Effect of the material stress-strain behavior on the deformability of the line pipe
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Effect of D/t on the deformability of the line pipe
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Definition of the “complementary energy”
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The relationships between the complementary energy and the deformability

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