Research Papers: Ocean Renewable Energy

Analytical and Numerical Study of Nearshore Multiple Oscillating Water Columns

[+] Author and Article Information
Kourosh Rezanejad, Joydip Bhattacharjee

Centre for Marine Technology and
Ocean Engineering (CENTEC),
Instituto Superior Técnico,
Universidade de Lisboa,
1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal

Carlos Guedes Soares

Centre for Marine Technology and
Ocean Engineering (CENTEC),
Instituto Superior Técnico,
Universidade de Lisboa,
1049-001 Lisbon, Portugal
e-mail: c.guedes.soares@centec.tecnico.ulisboa.pt

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Ocean, Offshore, and Arctic Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF OFFSHORE MECHANICS AND ARCTIC ENGINEERING. Manuscript received September 13, 2014; final manuscript received October 30, 2015; published online February 3, 2016. Assoc. Editor: Hideyuki Suzuki.

J. Offshore Mech. Arct. Eng 138(2), 021901 (Feb 03, 2016) (7 pages) Paper No: OMAE-14-1127; doi: 10.1115/1.4032303 History: Received September 13, 2014; Revised October 30, 2015

In the present study, the performance of two chamber nearshore oscillating water columns (OWCs) in finite water depth is analyzed based on the linearized water wave theory in the two-dimensional Cartesian coordinate systems. The barriers are assumed to be fixed and the turbine characteristics are assumed linear with respect to the fluctuations of volume flux and pressure inside the chamber. The free surface inside the chambers is modeled as a nonplane wave surface. Two different mathematical models are employed to solve the hydrodynamic problem: the semi-analytic method of matched eigenfunction expansion and the numerical scheme of boundary integral equation method (BIEM). The numerical results are compared with the semi-analytic results and show good agreement. The effects of the distance between the barriers and the length of the barriers on the efficiency of the OWC device are investigated. The results of two chambers OWC are also compared with the results for an equivalent single OWC chamber. Further, the effect of the water depth on the capacity of the wave power absorption is discussed.

Copyright © 2016 by ASME
Your Session has timed out. Please sign back in to continue.


Heath, T. V. , 2012, “ A Review of Oscillating Water Columns,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc., A, 370(1959), pp. 235–245. [CrossRef]
Falcão, A. F. , 2010, “ Wave Energy Utilization: A Review of the Technologies,” Renewable Sustainable Energy Rev., 14(3), pp. 899–918. [CrossRef]
Falnes, J. , 2007, “ A Review of Wave-Energy Extraction,” Mar. Struct., 20(4), pp. 185–201. [CrossRef]
Evans, D. V. , 1976, “ A Theory for Wave Power Absorption by Oscillating Bodies,” J. Fluid Mech., 77(1), pp. 1–25. [CrossRef]
Evans, D. V. , 1981, “ Power From Water Waves,” Annu. Rev. Fluid Mech., 13(1), pp. 157–187. [CrossRef]
Mei, C. C. , 1976, “ Power Extraction From Water Waves,” J. Ship Res., 20(2), pp. 63–66.
Evans, D. V. , 1978, “ The Oscillating Water Column Wave-Energy Device,” J. Inst. Math. Its Appl., 22(4), pp. 423–433. [CrossRef]
Evans, D. V. , 1982, “ Wave-Power Absorption by Systems of Oscillating Surface Pressure Distributions,” J. Fluid Mech., 114, pp. 481–499. [CrossRef]
Falnes, J. , and McIver, P. , 1985, “ Surface Wave Interactions With Systems of Oscillating Bodies and Pressure Distributions,” Appl. Ocean Res., 7(4), pp. 225–234. [CrossRef]
McIver, P. , and Evans, D. V. , 1988, “ An Approximate Theory for the Performance of a Number of Wave-Energy Devices Set into a Reflecting Wall,” Appl. Ocean Res., 10(2), pp. 58–65. [CrossRef]
Evans, D. V. , and Porter, R. , 1995, “ Hydrodynamic Characteristics of an Oscillating Water Column Device,” Appl. Ocean Res., 17(3), pp. 155–164. [CrossRef]
Wang, D. J. , Katory, M. , and Bakountouzis, L. , 2002, “ Hydrodynamic Analysis of Shoreline OWC Type Wave Energy Converters,” J. Hydrodyn., Ser. B, 14(1), pp. 8–15.
Wang, D. J. , Katory, M. , and Li, Y. S. , 2002, “ Analytical and Experimental Investigation on the Hydrodynamic Performance of Onshore Wave-Power Devices,” Ocean Eng., 29(8), pp. 871–885. [CrossRef]
Gervelas, R. , Trarieux, F. , and Patel, M. , 2011, “ A Time-Domain Simulator for an Oscillating Water Column in Irregular Waves at Model Scale,” Ocean Eng., 38(8–9), pp. 1007–1013. [CrossRef]
Bhattacharjee, J. , and Guedes Soares, C. , 2011, “ Oblique Wave Interaction With a Floating Structure Near a Wall With Stepped Bottom,” Ocean Eng., 38(13), pp. 1528–1544. [CrossRef]
Rezanejad, K. , Bhattacharjee, J. , and Guedes Soares, C. , 2015, “ Analytical and Numerical Study of Dual-Chamber Oscillating Water Columns on Stepped Bottom,” Renewable Energy, 75, pp. 272–282. [CrossRef]
Beer, G. , Smith, I. , and Duenser, C. , 2008, The Boundary Element Method With Programming: For Engineers and Scientists, Springer Wien New York, Mörlenbach, Germany.
Paris, F. , and Canas, J. , 1997, Boundary Element Method Fundamentals and Applications, Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.


Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the two-chamber OWC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 2

Three separate numerical solution regions interfaced in barriers of OWC

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 3

Efficiency is plotted versus nondimensional wave period for different a1/h=a2/h values with h=4m, b1=2m, b2=4m

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 4

Efficiency is plotted versus nondimensional frequency for different b1/b2 values with h=4m, b2=4m, a1=a2=2m

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 5

Efficiency is plotted versus time period for different values of h with a1=a2=0.5m, b1=2m, b2=4m

Grahic Jump Location
Fig. 6

Efficiency is plotted versus nondimensional frequency for different a1/h and a2/h with h=4m, b1=2m, b2=4m




Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging and repositioning the boxes below.

Related Journal Articles
Related eBook Content
Topic Collections

Sorry! You do not have access to this content. For assistance or to subscribe, please contact us:

  • TELEPHONE: 1-800-843-2763 (Toll-free in the USA)
  • EMAIL: asmedigitalcollection@asme.org
Sign In