This paper describes a method to improve the performance of primary conversion of wave power takeoff. The wave energy converter (WEC) used here was of oscillating water column (OWC) type. This method for improvement has been already proposed in past research and its usefulness has been confirmed. It involves projecting walls (PWs) being attached to the front of the inlet–outlet of the OWC. The prediction method of hydrodynamic behaviors for the OWC type WEC with PWs installed is explained in this paper. The boundary element method with the Green's function is applied, and influence of air pressure and free surface within every air-chamber was directly taken into consideration in the prediction method based on linear potential theory. Validity of the prediction method was proved by comparing the results with the results of model experiments. Series calculations are performed with the prediction method. Behaviors of air pressure, water elevation, and the efficiency of primary conversion of wave power were investigated. From the calculations, length of the PWs was shown to affect the efficiency of primary conversion. It was possible to equip the PWs so as to enable improvements in oblique waves to beam sea conditions as well as in the head sea conditions. This paper examined not only the PWs but also the application and effects of the end walls (EWs) with the slit. The EWs were very useful to improve the efficiency.