Two Tandem Cylinders with Passive Turbulence Control in Flow Induced Vibration: Relation of Oscillation Patterns to Frequency Response

[+] Author and Article Information
Kai Lan

Marine Renewable Energy Laboratory; University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2145, USA; Intern Mechanical Engineer of Vortex Hydro Energy and Research Assistant at MRELab

Hai Sun

Marine Renewable Energy Laboratory; University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2145, USA; Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, 150001, China

Michael M. Bernitsas

Marine Renewable Energy Laboratory; University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI, 48109-2145, USA; Dept. Naval Architecture & Marine Eng.; Dept. Mechanical Eng.; CTO Vortex Hydro Energy

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038935 History: Received March 15, 2017; Revised December 13, 2017


Flow Induced Vibrations (FIV) are conventionally destructive and should be suppressed. Since 2006, the Marine Renewable Energy Laboratory (MRELab) of the University of Michigan has been studying FIV of multiple cylinders to enhance their response for harnessing hydrokinetic power from ocean, river, and tidal currents. Interactions between multiple cylinders in FIV enable high power-to-volume ratio in a converter consisting of multiple oscillators. This paper investigates experimentally the relation between oscillation patterns and frequency response of two cylinders in tandem. All experiments are conducted in the recirculating channel of the MRELab for 30,000<Re<120,000. Phase analysis reveals three dominant patterns of oscillation of two tandem cylinders by calculating the instantaneous phase difference between the two cylinders. This phase difference characterizes each major pattern. Pattern A is characterized by small lead or lag of one cylinder over the other. In Pattern B, there is nearly 180? out of phase oscillations between the cylinders. In Pattern C, the instantaneous phase difference changes continuously from -180? to +180?. Using frequency spectra and amplitude response, oscillation characteristics of each cylinder are revealed in VIV and galloping. Pattern A occurs mostly in galloping when the first cylinder has higher stiffness. Pattern B occurs seldom and typically in the initial VIV branch and transition from VIV to galloping. Pattern C occurs in the upper and lower VIV branches; and in galloping when the lead cylinder has lower stiffness.

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