Design and Optimization of a Ducted Marine Current Savonius Turbine for Gun-barrel Passage, Fiji

[+] Author and Article Information
Jai Nendran Goundar

Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji

M. Rafiuddin Ahmed

ASME Member, Division of Mechanical Engineering, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji

Young-Ho Lee

Division of Mechanical and Energy System Engineering, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan, South Korea

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4041459 History: Received December 03, 2017; Revised September 07, 2018


Marine current energy is a reliable and clean source of energy. Many marine current turbines have been designed and developed over the years. Placement of an appropriately designed duct or shroud around the turbine significantly improves the turbine performance. In the present work, a Ducted Savonius Turbine (DST) is designed and optimized and its performance analysis carried out. The components of ducted Savonius turbines are simple and easily available and can be manufactured in developing countries like Fiji. A scaled-down model of 1/20 of a DST was fabricated and tested in a water stream at a velocity of 0.6 m/s and the results were used to validate the results from a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code ANSYS-CFX. Finally, a full-scale DST was modeled to study the flow characteristics in the turbine and the performance characteristics. The maximum efficiency of the turbine is around 50% at the tip speed ratio (TSR) of 3.5 and the maximum shaft power obtained is 10 kW at the rated speed of 1.15 m/s and around 65 kW at a free-stream velocity of 2.15 m/s. The stress distribution on the ducted turbine was also obtained.

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