This paper firstly introduces the different views of innovation, including the basic functions, characteristics and models of the national/sub-national innovation systems. Then, a new output model, interactive model and the main evaluating indicators of an innovation system are brought forward. The main evaluating indicators are: Innovation System Performance reflecting the previous output of the innovation system, and Innovation System Capacity expecting the future performance by effectively attracting, configuring and using all elements or resources of the innovation system. Finally, the application of innovation system in China is introduced, which includes the national innovation system and the sub-national innovation systems in The Pan-Pearl River Delta Area, Yangtze River Delta Area and Bohai Sea Rim Area.
The Theoretical Views on Innovation Systems and the Application in China
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Zhao, X, & Gao, W. "The Theoretical Views on Innovation Systems and the Application in China." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 9th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis. Volume 4: Fatigue and Fracture; Fluids Engineering; Heat Transfer; Mechatronics; Micro and Nano Technology; Optical Engineering; Robotics; Systems Engineering; Industrial Applications. Haifa, Israel. July 7–9, 2008. pp. 511-517. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2008-59294
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