Despite constantly improving computer capabilities, classical numerical methods (DNS, LES,…) are still out of reach in fluid flow control strategies. To make this problem tractable almost in real-time, reduced-order models are used here. The spatial basis is obtained by POD (Proper Orthogonal Decomposition), which is the most commonly used technique in fluid mechanics. The advantage of the POD basis is its energetic optimality: few modes contain almost the totality of energy. The ROM is achieved with the recent developed optimal projection , unlike classical methods which use Galerkin projection. This projection method is based on the minimization of the residual equations in order to have a stabilizing effect. It enables moreover to access pressure field. Here, the projection method is slightly different from : a formulation without the Poisson equation is proposed and developed. Then, the ROM obtained by optimal projection is introduced within an optimal control loop. The flow control strategy is illustrated on an isothermal square lid-driven cavity and an anisothermal square ventilated cavity. The aim is to reach a target temperature (or target pollutant concentration) in the cavity, with an interior initial temperature (or initial pollutant concentration), by adjusting the inlet fluid flow rate.
Anisothermal Flow Control by Using Reduced-Order Models
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Tallet, A, Leblond, C, & Allery, C. "Anisothermal Flow Control by Using Reduced-Order Models." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis. Volume 2: Applied Fluid Mechanics; Electromechanical Systems and Mechatronics; Advanced Energy Systems; Thermal Engineering; Human Factors and Cognitive Engineering. Nantes, France. July 2–4, 2012. pp. 147-156. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2012-82529
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