Injection molding is the most used process for thermoplastic part manufacturing. This process is commonly divided into four steps: injection, packing, cooling and ejection. During the packing step, an amount of material gets into the mold cavity to compensate for shrinkage of the polymer mainly due to the crystallization. Once the gate is frozen, polymer is subjected to isochoric cooling while the pressure of the polymer is higher than atmospheric pressure. Improving the quality of the injected part requires prediction of the shrinkage, warpage and residual stress and pressure impacts deeply on the morphology and consequently on the shape of the final part. The pressure decrease during the isochoric phase also determines the ejection time. However, description of the behavior of the polymer during packing and isochoric steps needs an accurate model that considers coupling between heat transfer and crystallization and also a good knowledge of the behavior (specific volume and crystallization kinetics) of the polymer under high pressure. Some studies have already underlined the influence of shear rate on the kinetics of crystallization. Here, based on a pressure analysis and an experimental-numerical comparison, we confirm crystallization is strongly coupled to flow history.
Determination of Pressure in the Mold Cavity of Injected Semi-Crystalline Thermoplastics
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Tardif, X, Sobotka, V, Boyard, N, Le Bot, P, & Delaunay, D. "Determination of Pressure in the Mold Cavity of Injected Semi-Crystalline Thermoplastics." Proceedings of the ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis. Volume 2: Applied Fluid Mechanics; Electromechanical Systems and Mechatronics; Advanced Energy Systems; Thermal Engineering; Human Factors and Cognitive Engineering. Nantes, France. July 2–4, 2012. pp. 611-618. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2012-82134
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