This contribution presents the numerical study of Fluid Structure Interaction (FSI) problems and discusses the oscillatory characteristics of the elastic bodies and flowfield around circular cylinders. This paper deals with the motion of the elastic body and the flowfield using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in two-dimensional and three-dimensional simulations. The governing equations are the continuity equation and incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. These equations are solved by MAC (Marker and cell) method by using Poisson equation for pressure component and momentum equations for velocity components. The convective terms of momentum equations are discretized by the third-order upwind Kawamura-Kuwahara scheme. All of the discretized equations are solved by the Successive over-relaxation (SOR) method. The equation of motion consists of mass-spring-damper system and it is solved by the 4th order Runge-Kutta method. The objective is to investigate the influence of the elastic surfaces with respect to the vibration characteristics of cylinders in unsteady flows. As a result, it is obtained that due to passive deformation of elastic surface for single cylinder the drag coefficient increases in both 2D and 3D cases. It is noticed that the effect of elastic surface in 2D case is stronger compared to 3D case. In the case of double cylinders, the elastic surface affects on vibration characteristics of upstream and downstream cylinders, and it is significant on downstream cylinder.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.