In this paper a cavitating flow around a three dimensional tapered hydrofoil in an incompressible fluid is modeled and studied. The variables in this study are the taper ratio, angle of attack and the Reynolds number. The taper ratio changes from 0.2 to 1, the angles of attack varies from −2 to 12 degrees and all these are computed at two Reynolds numbers (Re = 5.791·107 and Re = 1.99·108). The flow is assumed to be unsteady and isothermal. Coefficients of drag and lift and also the cavity length are computed numerically. Comparing the numerical results of five investigated models (five tapered hydrofoils) and the work done by Kermeen experimentally, it can be seen that the tapered hydrofoil in some cases gave better results, reducing the cavity length and improving the lift coefficient. At the low Reynolds number, the length of the cavity is calculated to be small in comparison with the length gained at the high Reynolds number, and therefore the change of the taper and the angles of attack did change the amount of the lift coefficient as much. For high Reynolds number, as the angle of attack increased, the tapering effect became more important and the best lift coefficient and minimum cavity length is obtained at a taper ratio of 0.4 for an averaged angles of attack.
Computational Study of Taper Effect of a Hydrofoil at Different Reynolds Numbers on the Length of Cavity and Lift and Drag Coefficients
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Izadi, MJ, & Mirtorabi, M. "Computational Study of Taper Effect of a Hydrofoil at Different Reynolds Numbers on the Length of Cavity and Lift and Drag Coefficients." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1: Symposia, Parts A, B and C. Vail, Colorado, USA. August 2–6, 2009. pp. 2153-2162. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2009-78290
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