Flow fields around an owl-like wing and aerodynamic characteristics at a chord Reynolds number of 23,000 are investigated using three-dimensional implicit large-eddy simulation. The cross sectional profile of the owl wing model named “owl-like wing” is constructed based on the owl wing at 40% of the span length from the root. It consists of flat upper surface, large camber, and thin geometry. Results show that at low angles of attack (α), separation, transition, and reattachment are observed in the instantaneous flow fields on the pressure side. The laminar separation bubbles can be seen in time- and span-averaged flow fields. It is likely that lift and drag generation is correlated with the location of separation points on the suction side. However, it has little influence on behavior of CL-α curve. On the other hand, at high angles of attack, the flow on the pressure side is fully attached. The flow on the suction side is similar to that of the pressure side at low angles of attack. It is found that unlike the case of the flow at the low angles of attack, the laminar separation bubble on the suction side affects the response of CL to variation of α. Furthermore, it is possible to decrease the drag and to increase the lift when the location of the laminar separation bubble is well organized by an appropriate airfoil surface geometry. Also, the deeply concaved lower surface contributes to lift enhancement. From those factors mentioned above, the owl-like wing gains higher lift-to-drag ratio comparing with conventional thin and thick symmetrical airfoils such as NACA0002 and NACA0012. Indeed, maximum lift-to-drag ratio of the owl-like wing is approximately 23 at the angle of attack of 6.0 degrees at Reynolds number of 23,000.
- Fluids Engineering Division
Large-Eddy Simulations of Owl-Like Wing Under Low Reynolds Number Conditions
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Kondo, K, Aono, H, Nonomura, T, Oyama, A, Fujii, K, & Yamamoto, M. "Large-Eddy Simulations of Owl-Like Wing Under Low Reynolds Number Conditions." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting. Volume 1A, Symposia: Advances in Fluids Engineering Education; Advances in Numerical Modeling for Turbomachinery Flow Optimization; Applications in CFD; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; CFD Verification and Validation; Development and Applications of Immersed Boundary Methods; DNS, LES, and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods. Incline Village, Nevada, USA. July 7–11, 2013. V01AT04A004. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2013-16377
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