A compressed air sprayer was used to spray model paint onto two glass substrates at the same time. Afterwards, one glass substrate was placed on a LED light source and still photographs were taken from the top using a DSLR camera with a timer system. The other substrate was put on a balance to record weight. Pictures and weight measurements were taken at 5 second intervals for 15 minutes. The sprayed film thickness was varied. The pictures were analyzed using ImageJ software. Bubble Count vs. Time, Sauter Mean Diameter (SMD) of Bubbles vs. Time as well as Weight vs. Time was plotted. It was seen that the pace of weight loss was faster for thinner films. The rate of bubble escape also depended on film thickness. It took a longer time for thicker films to lose the bubbles entrapped in them. In the first 30 seconds, large bubbles escaped due to buoyancy forces and afterwards surface-tension driven flows became dominant. There was also a lot of bubble movement in thicker films. The effect of gravity was studied as well. Gravity did not affect the bubble escape rate since a downward facing film had the same bubble count as an upward facing film confirming that bubble motion was not due to buoyancy forces alone. However, the SMD of bubbles in a downward facing film was larger than an upward facing film. Buoyancy is not a factor in bubble escape from the downward facing film and only surface-tension driven flows play a role.
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Bubble Entrapment in Sprayed Films
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Dalili, A, Chandra, S, Mostaghimi, J, Fan, HTC, & Simmer, JC. "Bubble Entrapment in Sprayed Films." Proceedings of the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting collocated with the ASME 2014 12th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels. Volume 1A, Symposia: Advances in Fluids Engineering Education; Turbomachinery Flow Predictions and Optimization; Applications in CFD; Bio-Inspired Fluid Mechanics; Droplet-Surface Interactions; CFD Verification and Validation; Development and Applications of Immersed Boundary Methods; DNS, LES, and Hybrid RANS/LES Methods. Chicago, Illinois, USA. August 3–7, 2014. V01AT05A011. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/FEDSM2014-21763
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