Ice-shape prediction results are shown wherein Discrete-Element Roughness Method (DERM)-based CFD solutions are coupled with LEWICE to supplement the built-in heat transfer prediction module. This coupling produces multi-step ice-shape predictions. The effect of using the newer roughness-height distribution model of Han and Palacios rather than the roughness-height prediction of LEWICE is also gauged. DERM is used in an attempt to improve heat transfer predictions beyond the capability of a sand-grain-roughness model while only slightly increasing the computation time. LEWICE is the industry-standard ice growth prediction tool maintained by NASA. LEWICE is known to predict ice shapes very accurately within its validation envelope, but suffers lowered accuracy for icing conditions in the glaze regime. The predictions that result from the DERM-LEWICE coupling are compared with ice shapes generated in experiments from the Penn State Adverse Environment Rotor Test Stand (AERTS). It is observed that ice-shape predictions in the glaze-icing regime can be highly sensitive to the convective heat-transfer predictions.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.