Abstract

In the present study, the effects of wall proximity on the wake dynamics behind a square cylinder subjected to a thick upstream turbulent boundary layer were experimentally investigated using particle image velocimetry. The Reynolds number based on the free-stream velocity and the cylinder height (h) was 12750 while the ratio of the turbulent boundary layer thickness to the cylinder height was 3.6. The gap distance (G) between the bottom face of the cylinder and the wall was varied, resulting in gap ratios (G/h) of 0, 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 and 8.0. The flow topological differences among the various gap ratios were analyzed in terms of the mean flow and Reynolds stresses. The results show that as the cylinder approaches the wall, the mean flow becomes increasingly asymmetric about the horizontal centerline of the cylinder and the size of the mean separation bubbles in the cylinder wake increases. Also, the magnitudes of the Reynolds stresses decrease with decreasing gap ratio. For G/h > 0, the distributions of the streamwise Reynolds normal stress and Reynolds shear stress are concentrated along the upper and lower separated shear layers, resulting in characteristic double peaks. The distributions of the vertical Reynolds normal stress, however, are concentrated in the wake about the horizontal centerline of the cylinder and reveal only single peaks.

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