Abstract

The sorting technology with little invasion to cells would be applied to regenerative medicine and diagnosis. In this study, dielectrophoresis is focused on. The dielectrophoretic effect on the flowing myoblasts was maximized by adjusting several parameters: the shape of the electrodes, the amplitude and frequency of the alternating current. The suspension of C2C12 (mouse myoblast cell line) was injected into the channel, and the movement of each flowing cell was analyzed at the microscopic movie image. A pair of titanium-coated (200 nm thick) asymmetric surface electrodes (a triangular electrode with a tip angle of 0.35 rad and a rectangular reference electrode with a flat edge) was manufactured by photolithography technique. With the alternating square cyclic wave at the frequency of 3 MHz and the amplitude of current of ± 7.5 mA, 70 μm movement along the electric field (perpendicular to the main flow direction) of the cell was obtained. The movement along the electric field is governed by several parameters of the cell: the diameter, the deformation ratio, and the direction of the major axis. The method can be applied to cell sorting.

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