Compatible with the external contour of the turbine airfoils at their leading edge, the leading-edge cooling cavities have a complex cross-sectional shape. To enhance the heat transfer coefficient on the leading-edge wall of these cavities, the cooling flow in some designs enters the leading-edge cavity from the adjacent cavity through a series of crossover holes on the partition wall between the two cavities. The crossover jets then impinge on the concave leading-edge wall and exit through the showerhead film holes, gill film holes on the pressure and suction sides, and, in some cases, form a crossflow in the leading-edge cavity and move toward the airfoil tip. The main objective of this investigation was to study the effects that racetrack crossover jets, in the presence of film holes on the target surface, have on the impingement heat transfer coefficient. Available data in open literature are mostly for impingement on a flat smooth surface with no representation of the film holes. This investigation covered new features in airfoil leading-edge cooling concept such as impingement with racetrack shaped holes on a roughened target surface with a row of holes representing the leading-edge showerhead film holes. Results of the circular crossover jets impinging on these leading-edge surface geometries with and without showerhead holes were reported by these authors previously. In this paper, however, the experimental results are presented for the impingement of racetrack-shaped crossover jets on a concave surface with showerhead film holes. The investigated target surface geometries were : (1) a smooth wall, (2) a wall roughened with big conical bumps, (3) a wall roughened with smaller conical bumps and (4) a wall roughened with tapered radial ribs. The tests were run for a range of flow arrangements and jet Reynolds numbers and the results were compared with those of round crossover jets. The major conclusions of this study are: (a) for a given jet Reynolds number, the racetrack crossover jets produce a higher impingement heat transfer coefficient than the circular jets, (b) the overall heat transfer performance of racetrack crossover jets is superior to that of 45° racetrack crossover jets and (c) there is a heat transfer enhancement benefit in roughening the target surface. With the presence of showerhead holes, the enhancement is due to both the impingement heat transfer coefficient and the heat transfer area increase.

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