Forced vibrations in turbomachinery components can cause blades to crack or fail due to high-cycle fatigue. Such forced response problems will become more pronounced in newer engines with higher pressure ratios and smaller axial gap between blade rows. An accurate numerical prediction of the unsteady aerodynamics phenomena that cause resonant forced vibrations is increasingly important to designers. Validation of the computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes used to model the unsteady aerodynamic excitations is necessary before these codes can be used with confidence. Recently published benchmark data, including unsteady pressures and vibratory strains, for a high-pressure turbine stage makes such code validation possible. In the present work, a three dimensional, unsteady, multi blade-row, Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes code is applied to a turbine stage that was recently tested in a short duration test facility. Two configurations with three operating conditions corresponding to modes 2, 3, and 4 crossings on the Campbell diagram are analyzed. Unsteady pressures on the rotor surface are compared with data.
Calculation and Correlation of the Unsteady Flowfield in a High Pressure Turbine
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Bakhle, MA, Liu, JS, Panovsky, J, Keith, TG, Jr., & Mehmed, O. "Calculation and Correlation of the Unsteady Flowfield in a High Pressure Turbine." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2002: Power for Land, Sea, and Air. Volume 4: Turbo Expo 2002, Parts A and B. Amsterdam, The Netherlands. June 3–6, 2002. pp. 861-874. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2002-30322
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