A single-stage transonic centrifugal compressor with a pressure ratio greater than six was tested in a closed loop with HFC134a gas. Flow at the inducer of a rotating impeller as well as flow in a stationary low-solidity cascade diffuser was measured using a double-pulse and double-frame particle image velocimetry (PIV). Shock waves in both flows were clearly observed. The effect of flow rate on a 3D configuration of shock wave at the inducer and a so-called rotor-stator interaction between a rotating impeller and a stationary cascade were discussed based on a phase-averaged measurement technique. Furthermore, the unsteadiness of inducer shock wave and the flow in a cascade diffuser during surge were discussed based on instantaneous velocity vector maps.

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