This paper presents a throughflow analysis tool developed in the context of the average-passage flow model elaborated by Adamczyk. The Adamczyk’s flow model describes the 3-D time-averaged flow field within a blade row passage. The set of equations that governs this flow field is obtained by performing a Reynolds averaging, a time averaging and a passage-to-passage averaging on the Navier-Stokes equations. The throughflow level of approximation is obtained by performing an additional circumferential averaging on the 3-D average-passage flow. The resulting set of equations is similar to the 2-D axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations but additional terms resulting from the averages show up: blade forces, blade blockage factor, Reynolds stresses, deterministic stresses, passage-to-passage stresses and circumferential stresses. This set of equations represents the ultimate throughflow model provided that all stresses and blade forces can be modeled. The relative importance of these additional terms is studied in the present contribution. The stresses and the blade forces are determined from 3-D steady and unsteady databases (a low speed compressor stage and a transonic turbine stage) and incorporated in a throughflow model based on the axisymmetric Navier-Stokes equations. A good agreement between the throughflow solution and the averaged 3-D results is obtained. These results are also compared to those obtained with a more “classical” throughflow approach based on a Navier-Stokes formulation for the endwall losses, correlations for profile losses and a simple radial mixing model assuming turbulent diffusion.

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