Fuel atomizer condition can have a significant impact on gas turbine hot section component life. In order to investigate the depth of this influence, an experimental test apparatus was constructed, which allowed for optical access to the primary zone of a Rolls-Royce/Allison T56–A–15 turboprop combustion chamber. Test conditions were matched to simulate altitude cruise conditions of a C–130H Hercules military transport aircraft. T56 fuel nozzles of various conditions were tested in free air and then in the test rig using optical patternation techniques. Results indicated that spray characteristics observed in quiescent ambient air persisted under the representative engine operating conditions both burning and non-burning. The optical patternation tests also revealed the influence of combustion liner airflow patterns on the spray within the region of the primary zone that was observed. Conclusions were drawn such as the persistence of spray features observed in open air testing when nozzles were tested at engine representative conditions and recommendations were made for future experimentation.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.