Literature regarding the influence of inlet conditions on cooling hole flows is reviewed. A general failure to fully quantify inlet conditions and an inconsistent terminology for describing them is noted. This paper argues for use of an inlet velocity ratio (IVR) defined as the ratio of the coolant passage velocity to the jet velocity, together with additional parameters required to define the velocity distribution in the coolant supply passage. Large scale experimental investigations of the internal flow field for a laterally expanded 50 times scale fan-shaped hole are presented, together with a computational investigation of the flow, for three inlet velocity ratios. Inlet lip separation causes a jetting effect that extends throughout the length of the cooling hole. A low velocity region of separated fluid exists on the downstream wall of the diffuser which deflects the jetting fluid towards the upstream side of the hole. This effect is most pronounced at low IVR values. The exit velocity profiles and turbulence distributions are highly dependent on the IVR.

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