Efficiency of gas turbine condition monitoring systems depends on quality of diagnostic analysis at all its stages such as feature extraction (from raw input data), fault detection, fault identification, and prognosis. Fault identification algorithms based on the gas path analysis may be considered as an important and sophisticated component of these systems. These algorithms widely use pattern recognition techniques, mostly different artificial neural networks. In order to choose the best technique, the present paper compares two network types: a multilayer perceptron and a radial basis network. The first network is being commonly applied to recognize gas turbine faults. However, some studies note high recognition capabilities of the second network. For the purpose of the comparison, both networks were included into a special testing procedure that computes for each network the true positive rate that is the probability of a correct diagnosis. Networks were first tuned and then compared using this criterion. Same procedure input data were fed to both networks during the comparison. However, to draw firm conclusions on the networks’ applicability, comparative calculations were repeated with different variations of these data. In particular, two engines that differ in an application and gas path structure were chosen as a test case. By way of summing up comparison results, the conclusion is that the radial basis network is a little more accurate than the perceptron, however the former needs much more available computer memory and computation time.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Neural Networks for Gas Turbine Fault Identification: Multilayer Perceptron or Radial Basis Network?
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Loboda, I, Feldshteyn, Y, & Ponomaryov, V. "Neural Networks for Gas Turbine Fault Identification: Multilayer Perceptron or Radial Basis Network?." Proceedings of the ASME 2011 Turbo Expo: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 3: Controls, Diagnostics and Instrumentation; Education; Electric Power; Microturbines and Small Turbomachinery; Solar Brayton and Rankine Cycle. Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. June 6–10, 2011. pp. 465-475. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2011-46752
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