This paper considers shear layer flame stabilization with a particular focus on velocity scaling of blowoff limits. Analysis of the expression for hydrodynamic flame stretch, κ, in a shear layer shows that it consists of two contributions, associated with normal and shearing flow strain. These two contributors lead to flame stretch scalings of SL/δ and U/L, respectively, where δ and L denote shear layer thickness and characteristic geometric length scale. These two flame stretch terms have different velocity and length scalings (roughly U1/2 and U1, respectively) and so different blowoff trends can be expected depending upon which term dominates. These scalings are used to interpret a variety of bluff body blowoff data in the literature by analyzing the velocity and length scale dependence of extinction stretch rates calculated at the measured blowoff conditions. We also show that the measured velocity sensitivities to chemical time at blowoff range from U−0.3 to U−1.6. A key point of this study is that blowoff boundaries do not necessarily follow a U−1 scaling suggested by classical Damköhler number scalings and that more work is needed to understand the controlling extinction processes of near-blowoff flames.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
Analysis and Scalings of Blowoff Limits of 2D and Axisymmetric Bluff Body Stabilized Flames
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Foley, CW, Seitzman, J, & Lieuwen, T. "Analysis and Scalings of Blowoff Limits of 2D and Axisymmetric Bluff Body Stabilized Flames." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2012: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2: Combustion, Fuels and Emissions, Parts A and B. Copenhagen, Denmark. June 11–15, 2012. pp. 1457-1467. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2012-70048
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