The modern trends in automotive turbocharger applications are towards the boosting of smaller internal combustion engines and more advanced systems including two-stage, turbo-compounding and hybrid electric-motor assist. Off-the-shelf turbochargers will become a smaller share of the market and the choice of major parameters for the compressor and turbine, e.g. speed and diameter, will fall outside of the manufacturer’s knowledge base. The selection of the compressor and turbine may even be independent. The only certainty is that the turbomachinery will have to be small, cheap and efficient.
To provide some guidance to the turbine designer, this paper presents the results of a study in which practical designs have been generated to cover the range of conceivable parameters, presented in non-dimensional terms to provide general applicability. All the designs are generated using a throughflow-based optimisation system in which the candidate geometries are assessed against mechanical as well as aerodynamic and inertia targets.
Analysis of the results gives clues to the form of the basic empiricism that would be of use in the preliminary design of automotive turbocharger turbines.