The density ratio effect on leading edge showerhead film cooling has been studied experimentally using the pressure sensitive paint (PSP) mass transfer analogy method. Leading edge model is a blunt body with a semi-cylinder and an after body. There are two designs: seven-row and three-row of film cooling holes for simulating vane and blade, respectively. The film holes are located at 0 (stagnation row), ±15, ±30, and ±45 deg for seven-row design, and at 0 and ±30 for three-row design. Four film holes configurations are used for both test designs: radial angle cylindrical holes, compound angle cylindrical holes, radial angle shaped holes, and compound angle shaped holes. Coolant to mainstream density ratio varies from DR = 1.0, 1.5, to 2.0 while blowing ratio varies from M = 0.5 to 2.1. Experiments were conducted in a low speed wind tunnel with Reynolds number 100,900 based on mainstream velocity and diameter of the cylinder. The mainstream turbulence intensity near leading edge model is about 7%. The results show the shaped holes have overall higher film cooling effectiveness than cylindrical holes, and radial angle holes are better than compound angle holes, particularly at higher blowing ratio. Larger density ratio makes more coolant attach to the surface and increases film protection for all cases. Radial angle shaped holes provides best film cooling at higher density ratio and blowing ratio for both designs.
Effect of Coolant Density on Leading Edge Showerhead Film Cooling Using PSP Measurement Technique
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Li, S, Yang, S, & Han, J. "Effect of Coolant Density on Leading Edge Showerhead Film Cooling Using PSP Measurement Technique." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 3B: Heat Transfer. San Antonio, Texas, USA. June 3–7, 2013. V03BT13A005. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2013-94189
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