Film cooling performance depends strongly on the hole exit geometry, blowing ratio, and hole location. The goal of this study is to evaluate film cooling geometries that can provide better protection over the suction surface of the airfoil beyond the throat region. This study compares the performance of standard cylindrical; fan-shaped (10° flare/laidback); tripod hole geometry (15° breakout angle); and tripod holes with shaped exits (5° flare on 15° tripod). Film cooling holes are located just upstream of the throat region on the suction side of an airfoil. The airfoil is a scaled up first stage vane from GE E3 engine and is mounted on a low speed linear cascade wind tunnel. A range of blowing ratios from 0.5 to 2.0 was covered for a cylindrical hole, while ensuring all other hole geometries run under similar mass flow rate conditions. Steady state IR (Infra-Red) technique was employed to measure adiabatic film cooling effectiveness. Results show that the tripod holes with and without shaped exits provide much higher film effectiveness than cylindrical and slightly higher effectiveness than shaped exit holes using 50% lesser cooling air while operating at the same blowing ratios. Effectiveness values up to 0.2–0.25 are seen 40-hole diameters downstream for the tripod hole configurations thus providing cooling in the important trailing edge portion of the airfoil.
Tripod Hole Geometry Performance for a Vane Suction Surface Near Throat Location
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Ramesh, S, LeBlanc, C, Ekkad, SV, & Alvin, MA. "Tripod Hole Geometry Performance for a Vane Suction Surface Near Throat Location." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 3B: Heat Transfer. San Antonio, Texas, USA. June 3–7, 2013. V03BT13A012. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2013-94459
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