A numerical investigation of the film cooling performance from novel sister shaped single-holes (SSSH) is presented in this paper and the obtained results are compared with a single cylindrical hole, a forward diffused shaped hole, as well as discrete sister holes. Three types of the novel sister shaped single-hole schemes namely downstream, upstream and up/downstream SSSH, are designed based on merging the discrete sister holes to the primary hole in order to reduce the jet lift-off effect and increase the lateral spreading of the coolant on the blade surface as well as a reduction in the amount of coolant in comparison with discrete sister holes. The simulations are performed using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier Stokes analysis with the realizable k–ε model combined with the standard wall function. The upstream SSSH demonstrates similar film cooling performance to that of the forward diffused shaped hole for the low blowing ratio of 0.5. While it performs more efficiently at M = 1, where the centerline and laterally averaged effectiveness results improved by 70% and 17%, respectively. On the other hand, the downstream and up/downstream SSSH schemes show a considerable improvement in film cooling performance in terms of obtaining higher film cooling effectiveness and less jet lift-off effect as compared with the single cylindrical and forward diffused shaped holes for both blowing ratios of M = 0.5 and 1. For example, the laterally averaged effectiveness for the downstream SSSH configuration shows an improvement of approximately 57% and 110% on average as compared to the forward diffused shaped hole for blowing ratios of 0.5 and 1, respectively.

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