Diagnostics is an important aspect of a condition based maintenance program. To develop an effective gas turbine monitoring system in short time, the recommendations on how to optimally design every system algorithm are required. This paper deals with choosing a proper fault classification technique for gas turbine monitoring systems.

To classify gas path faults, different artificial neural networks are typically employed. Among them the Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) is the mostly used. Some comparative studies referred to in the introduction show that the MLP and some other techniques yield practically the same classification accuracy on average for all faults. That is why in addition to the average accuracy, more criteria to choose the best technique are required. Since techniques like Probabilistic Neural Network (PNN), Parzen Window (PW) and k-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) provide a confidence probability for every diagnostic decision, the presence of this important property can be such a criterion. The confidence probability in these techniques is computed through estimating a probability density for patterns of each concerned fault class.

The present study compares all mentioned techniques and their variations using as criteria both the average accuracy and availability of the confidence probability. To compute them for each technique, a special testing procedure simulates numerous diagnosis cycles corresponding to different fault classes and fault severities. In addition to the criteria themselves, criteria imprecision due to a finite number of the diagnosis cycles is computed and involved into selecting the best technique.

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