The exit temperature distribution had a great effect on reliability and security in a gas turbine. In this paper, the exit temperature distribution of a small engine reverse-flow combustor with three injectors test module was experimentally obtained to qualitatively analyze the influence of the primary zone operating condition by changing the fuel air ratio at the ambient pressure and temperature condition. Under the nearly identical air condition, there was no obvious difference on the mixing performance with different fuel flow rate. The hot zones occurred at the same position of the combustor exit section, and the temperature declined in the radial direction from the center. It could be seen that the radial temperature profiles in FAR of 0.022–0.03 were almost same. Malvern experimental results showed that the air fuel ratio of swirler cup ranges from 5 to 40 and the droplet distribution index n could not be increased or decreased by the ratio at different air pressure drop. The air fuel ratio of combustor swirl cup had reached more than 5 which fuel particle had been nearly stable and not got some variation by changing the fuel mass rate. As a result, the increase of fuel air ratio had no impact on fuel atomization uniformity in combustor dome. The fuel had been completely atomized when the combustor fuel air ratio ranged from 0.022 to 0.03, and its impact on the droplet size and uniformity of fuel could be neglected. With the uniform fuel spray, a numerical study of the whole combustor had been made to analyze the strong relation between swirl flow and jets of primary holes and dilution holes. The dilution jets had a strong effect on quenching flame and temperature dilution. Along the combustor flow direction, the temperature difference became less and less obvious, the addition of fuel would enhance the combustion intensity mainly in combustion zone, but with an effect of dilution jet, the temperature distributions had little deviation when increasing the fuel air ratio. And it showed a same phenomenon that different fuel air ratio would make the same exit temperature distribution which was found to be in line with the experimental results. In a word, for the primary zone operating condition in the combustor, it almost had no effect on the temperature distribution at the exit of the combustor by changing the fuel air ratio from 0.022 to 0.030 in primary zone at normal pressure and temperature condition.

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