The aerodynamic performance of three-stage turbine with different types of leakage flows was experimentally and numerically studied in this paper. The leakage flows of three-stage turbine included the shroud seal leakage flow between the rotor blade tip and case, the diaphragm seal leakage flow between the stator blade diaphragm and shaft, as well as the shaft packing leakage flow and the gap leakage flow between the rotor blade curved fir-tree root and wheel disk.
The total aerodynamic performance of three-stage turbine including leakage flows was firstly experimentally measured. The detailed flow field and aerodynamic performance were also numerically investigated using three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) and S-A turbulence model. The numerical mass flow rate and efficiency showed well agreement with experimental data. The effects of leakage flows between the fir-tree root and the wheel disk were studied. All leakage mass flow fractions, including the mass flow rate in each hole for all sets of root gaps were given for comparison. The effect of leakage flow on the aerodynamic performance of three-stage was illustrated and discussed.