The large scale coherent structures in the flow field of film cooling makes it difficult for the modeling of film cooling flow and heat transfer. The interaction between the complex secondary flows near the endwall and the film cooling jets makes it even worse.
A typical flat vane endwall with/without film cooling is investigated experimentally and numerically. The aerodynamic and heat transfer of the endwall is measured. Adiabatic film cooling effectiveness is measured using PSP technique and conjugate overall cooling effectiveness is measured by TSP technique for different conditions. The coolant to mainstream massflow ratio (MFR) is varied from 0.5% to 1.5% in the experiment. Several RANS turbulence models are tested in the prediction of endwall aerodynamics, heat transfer, film cooling and conjugate heat transfer. Detailed analyses of the computational results are performed. The algebraic anisotropic turbulence model proposed previously aiming at a more accurate modeling of the Reynolds stress and turbulent scalar flux is employed in the study.
The SST with transition model shows advantage in the prediction of endwall flow field and film cooling with high blowing ratios which is detached from the surface. The Realizable k-epsilon model is more suitable for predicting attached film cooling and conjugate heat transfer of the endwall. The algebraic anisotropic models show better agreement with the experimental data qualitatively and quantitatively for both adiabatic and conjugate situations.