Lighter weight, simpler structure, higher vectoring efficiency and faster vector response are recent trends in development of aircraft engine exhaust system. To meet these new challenges, a concept of hybrid SVC nozzle was proposed in this work to achieve thrust vectoring by adopting a rotatable valve and by introducing a secondary flow injection. In this paper, we numerically investigated the flow mechanism of the hybrid SVC nozzle. Nozzle performance (e.g. the thrust vector angle and the thrust coefficient) was studied with consideration of the influence of aerodynamic and geometric parameters, such as the nozzle pressure ratio (NPR), the secondary pressure ratio (SPR) and the deflection angle of the rotatable valve (θ). The numerical results indicate that the introductions of the rotatable valve and the secondary injection induce an asymmetrically distributed static pressure to nozzle internal walls. Such static pressure distribution generates a side force on the primary flow, thereby achieving thrust vectoring. Both the thrust vector angle and vectoring efficiency can be enhanced by reducing NPR or by increasing θ. A maximum vector angle of 16.7 ° is attained while NPR is 3 and the corresponding vectoring efficiency is 6.33 °/%. The vector angle first increases and then decreases along with the elevation of SPR, and there exists an optimum value of SPR for maximum thrust vector angle. The effects of θ and SPR on the thrust coefficient were found to be insignificant. The rotatable valve can be utilized to improve vectoring efficiency and to control the vector angle as expected.
- International Gas Turbine Institute
An Investigation of Flow Characteristics and Parameter Effects for a New Concept of Hybrid SVC Nozzle
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Song, F, Shi, JW, Zhou, L, Wang, ZX, & Zhang, XB. "An Investigation of Flow Characteristics and Parameter Effects for a New Concept of Hybrid SVC Nozzle." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 1: Aircraft Engine; Fans and Blowers; Marine. Oslo, Norway. June 11–15, 2018. V001T01A009. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2018-75511
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