It is a challenge to simulate the flow in a Variable Speed Power Turbine (VSPT), or, for that matter, rear stages of low pressure turbines at low Reynolds numbers due to laminar flow separation or laminar/turbulent flow transition on the blades. At low Reynolds numbers, separation induced-transition is more prevalent which can result in efficiency lapse. LES has been used in recent years to simulate these types of flows with a good degree of success. In the present work, very low free stream turbulence flows at exit Reynolds number of 220k were simulated. The geometry was a cascade which was constructed with the midspan section of a VSPT design. Most LES simulations to date, have focused on the midspan region. As the endwall effect was significant in these simulations due to thick incoming boundary layer, full blade span computation was necessitated. Inlet flow angles representative of take-off and cruise conditions, dictated by the rotor speed in an actual design, were analyzed. This was done using a second order finite volume code and a high resolution grid. As is the case with Implicit-LES methods, no sub-grid scale model was used. Blade static pressure data, at various span locations, and downstream probe survey measurements of total pressure loss coefficient were used to verify the results. The comparisons showed good agreement between the simulations and the experimental data.
Implicit-LES Simulation of Variable-Speed Power Turbine Cascade for Low Free-Stream Turbulence Conditions
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Ameri, A. "Implicit-LES Simulation of Variable-Speed Power Turbine Cascade for Low Free-Stream Turbulence Conditions." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 2B: Turbomachinery. Oslo, Norway. June 11–15, 2018. V02BT41A032. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2018-77120
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