High inlet temperature of turbine vane increases the demand of high film cooling effectiveness. Vane endwall region was extensively cooled due to the high and flat exit temperature distribution of combustor. Leakage flow from the combustor-turbine gap was used to cool the endwall region except for preventing hot gas ingestion. Numerical predictions were conducted to investigate the flow structure and adiabatic film cooling effectiveness of endwall region in a linear cascade with vane-endwall junction fillet. The simulations were completed by solving the three-dimensional Reynolds-Averaged Navier-Stokes(RANS) equations with shear stress transport(SST) k-ω turbulence model, meanwhile, the computational method and turbulence model were validated by comparing computational result with the experiment. Three types of linear fillet with the length-to-height ratio of 0.5, 1 and 2, named fillet A, fillet B and fillet C respectively, were studied. In addition, circular fillet with radius of 2mm was compared with linear fillet B. The interrupted slot, produced by changing the way of junction of combustor and turbine vane endwall, is introduced at X/Cax = −0.2 upstream of the vane leading edge. Results showed that fillet can significantly affect the cooling performance on the endwall due to suppressing the strength of the secondary flow. Fillet C presented the best cooling performance comparing to fillet A and fillet B because a portion of the coolant which climbs to the fillet was barely affected by secondary flow. Results also showed the effect of fillet on the total pressure loss. The result indicated that only fillet A slightly decreases endwall loss.
Numerical Investigation of the Cooling Performance on the Endwall With and Without Fillet
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Xu, Q, Du, Q, Wang, P, Liu, J, & Liu, G. "Numerical Investigation of the Cooling Performance on the Endwall With and Without Fillet." Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo 2018: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition. Volume 5A: Heat Transfer. Oslo, Norway. June 11–15, 2018. V05AT12A016. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/GT2018-76316
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