Recent progress in additive manufacturing has enabled opportunities to explore novel stator rim geometries which can be implemented to improve cooling strategies in turbomachinery. This paper presents a simplified stationary geometry optimization strategy to produce enhanced stator-rotor cavity sealing and highlights main driving mechanisms.
The stator and rotor rims were designed using a design strategy based on inspiration from the meandering of rivers. A minimum thickness of 2mm was maintained throughout the cavity to ensure a practical implementation. The computational domain comprised of the stator outlet, hub disk leakage cavity, and rotor platform was meshed using NUMECA Int. package, Hexpress. The numerical analysis required 3D Unsteady Reynolds Average Navier-Stokes to replicate vorticial structures using Ansys Fluent. The operating conditions were representative of engine-like conditions, exploring a wide range of massflow ratios from 1 to 3%. The optimization yielded designs that provide 30% reduction in rear platform temperature while minimizing coolant massflow. The applicability of the design was compared against 3D sector in both stationary and in rotation.