Abstract

Numerical investigations have been performed to study the effect of incidence angle on the aerodynamic and film cooling performance for the suction surface squealer tip with different film-hole arrangements at τ = 1.5% and BR = 1.0. Meanwhile, the full squealer tip as baseline is also investigated. Three incidence angles at design condition (0 deg) and off-design conditions (± 7 deg) are investigated. The suction surface, pressure surface, and the camber line have seven holes each, with an extra hole right at the leading edge. The Mach number at the cascade inlet and outlet are 0.24 and 0.52, respectively. The results show that the incidence angle has a significant effect on the tip leakage flow characteristics and coolant flow direction. The film cooling effectiveness distribution is altered, especially for the film holes near the leading edge. When the incidence angle changes from +7 deg to 0 and −7 deg, the ‘re-attachment line’ moves downstream and the total tip leakage mass flow ratio decreases, but the suction surface tip leakage mass flow ratio near leading edge increases. In general, the total tip leakage mass flow ratio for suction surface squealer tip is 1% greater than that for full squealer tip at the same incidence angle. The total pressure loss coefficient of suction surface squealer tip is larger than that for full squealer tip. The full squealer tip with film holes near suction surface and the suction surface squealer tip with film hole along camber line show high film cooling performance, and the area averaged film cooling effectiveness at positive incidence angle +7 deg is higher than that at 0 and −7 deg. The coolant discharged from film holes near pressure surface only cools narrow region near pressure surface.

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