Abstract

The aerodynamic performance of three blade sets that represent the geometric manufacturing constraints of Ceramic Matrix Composite (CMC) blades was measured experimentally in a large-scale transonic turbine blade cascade. The trailing edge thicknesses of CMC blades are anticipated to be significantly larger than those of current state-of-the-art metallic blades. The blades tested in the current study had trailing edge thicknesses of 5%, 7%, and 9% relative to the blade axial chord. The three blade sets were designed with matching throat dimensions, so the blade loading distributions were varied to retain similar overall loading levels. Data were acquired at four Reynolds numbers, covering a factor of six range. All data were acquired at the design isentropic exit Mach number of 0.74. Measurements include blade loading and five-hole probe surveys at two downstream stations. The effects of inlet turbulence intensity were also quantified. Total pressure loss data were integrated to determine overall loss levels for each of the three measured blade passages. Excellent periodicity was noted. For low inlet turbulence levels, losses were surprisingly lower for the thickest trailing edge at low Reynolds numbers, but were highest at the maximum Reynolds number. In general, losses were found to scale well with Reynolds number, although front loading was found to significantly reduce the sensitivity of loss to Reynolds number. For high inlet turbulence intensity, losses were found to scale with trailing edge thickness as expected, and the Reynolds number sensitivity was reduced for all three blade sets. Loss levels at the highest Reynolds number were comparable at low and high inlet turbulence intensity levels.

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