Through-flow methods are widely used in turbomachinery design and performance prediction due to its fast calculation. In the past, circumferentially-averaging through-flow methods tended to ignore circumferential fluctuation source term (CFST) in the governing equations, leading to an inaccurate result when blades showed a strong three-dimensional feature. To solve this problem, CFST needs to be properly modeled. In this paper, three-dimensional numerical simulation is conducted to find the area where CFST dominates. The influence of inlet Mach number, incidence, camber angles and sweep angle on the CFST in this area is analyzed. A model for CFST is constructed. Three-dimensional verification of this model suggests that within the common scope of use of aerospace compressor designing, this model shows a good accuracy.

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