Abstract

An improved modelling approach for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and soot formation in complex fuels is presented. The introduction of PAH radicals allows a reversible growth by hydrogen abstraction and carbon addition. Emphasis is placed on the model’s general validity with respect to fuel flexibility and operating condition using one set of model constants. A detailed gas phase mechanism describes the decomposition of fuel species as well as the formation and growth of PAHs and soot precursors. PAHs and PAH radicals are described by a sectional approach. Soot particle dynamics are modeled either by a two-equation model or alternatively by a sectional approach. All models take the processes of growth, collision, oxidation and agglomeration into account. The introduction of a temperature-dependent collision coefficient enhances the PAH and soot interaction. The differences between the two-equation model and the sectional approach are investigated. An extensive set of shock tube experiments is examined to verify the developed PAH and soot model over a wide range of temperatures, pressures, fuels and mixing-ratios. Thereby, the pyrolysis and oxidation of ethylene, benzene, kerosene and its major components are examined. In addition, ignition delay times and laminar diffusion flames are used for further validation. The overall agreement to experimental data demonstrates the applicability of the presented PAH and soot model even for complex fuels.

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