Abstract

Film cooling is one of the most critical technologies in modern gas turbine engine to protect the high temperature components from erosion. It allows gas turbines to operate above the thermal limits of blade materials by providing the protective cooling film layer on outer surfaces of blade against hot gases. To get a higher film cooling effect on plain surface, current study proposes a novel strategy with the implementation of hole-pair into ramp. To gain the film cooling effectiveness on the plain surface, RANS equations combined with k-ω turbulence model were solved with the commercial CFD solver ANSYS CFX11.0. In the numerical simulations, the density ratio (DR) is fixed at 1.6, and the film cooling effect on plain surface with different configurations (i.e. with only cooling hole, with only ramp, and with hole-pair in ramp) were numerically investigated at three blowing ratios M = 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75. The results show that the configuration with Hole-Pair in Ramp (HPR) upstream the cooling hole has a positive effect on film cooling enhancement on plain surface, especially along the spanwise direction. Compared with the baseline configuration, i.e. plain surface with cylindrical hole, the laterally-averaged film cooling effectiveness on plain surface with HPR is increased by 18%, while the laterally-averaged film cooling effectiveness on plain surface with only ramp is increased by 8% at M = 0.5. As the blowing ratio M increases from 0.25 to 0.75, the laterally-averaged film cooling effectiveness on plain surface with HPR is kept on increasing. At higher blowing ratio M = 0.75, film cooling effectiveness on plain surface with HPR is about 19% higher than the configuration with only ramp.

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