Abstract

This study investigates the factors affecting low momentum jets that are injected at an angle relative to a crossflow stream, which is relevant to film-cooling technologies. Quantitative measurements of the jet fluid concentration were obtained based on planar laser induced fluorescence (PLIF) from acetone vapor that was seeded into the jet. The jets were injected at four different axial locations downstream of the leading edge of a flat plate, resulting in different boundary layer thicknesses at the injection location. At each location, the jet-to-crossflow momentum flux ratio was varied from 0.5–5. The jet centerline trajectories were affected not only by the momentum flux ratios, but also by the approaching crossflow boundary layer thickness, with the jets penetrating the least for the thickest boundary layers. Measurements of the jet fluid concentration along the jet centerline showed an exponential decay rate of −1.3 across all cases. However, the behavior in the immediate vicinity of the jet depended on the boundary layer thickness, with thicker boundary layers resulting in a slower decay. Hence, the concentration profiles were shifted relative to the injection point depending on the injector position on the plate. The concentration profiles perpendicular to the jet axis were self-similar when scaled with the profile half-width.

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