Film-hole can be often blocked by the thermal-barrier coatings (TBC) spraying, resulting in the variations of film cooling performance and pressure loss. In this work, a numerical study of the effect of blockage ratio on the film cooling effectiveness of inclined cylindrical-holes was carried out on a concave surface to simulate the airfoil pressure side. Three typical blowing ratios (BRs) of 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 were chosen at an engine-similar density ratio (DR) of 2.0. Two common inclination angles of 30° and 45° were designed. The blockage ratios were adjusted from 0 to 20%. The results indicated that the blockage near the trailing edge of hole-exit could enhance the penetration of film cooling flow to the mainstream. Thus, the averaged effectiveness and coolant coverage area were reduced. Moreover, the pressure loss inside of hole was increased. With the increase of BR, the decrement of film cooling effectiveness caused by blockage rapidly enhanced. At BR = 1.5, the decrement could be acquired up to 70% for a blockage ratio of 20%. The decrement of film cooling effectiveness caused by blockage was nearly non-sensitive to the injection angle; however, the larger injection angle could generate the higher increment of pressure loss caused by blockage. A new design method for the couple scheme of film-cooling and TBC was proposed, i.e. increasing the inlet diameter according to the blockage ratio before TBC spraying. In comparison with the original unblocked-hole, the enlarged blocked-hole not only can keep the nearly same area-averaged effectiveness, but also can reduce slightly the pressure loss inside of hole. The smaller injection angle could obtain the larger reduction of pressure loss. Unfortunately, application of enlarged blocked-hole at large BR could lead to a more obvious reduction of effectiveness near hole-exit, in comparison with the original common-hole.

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